Paris, France was the hub of the Lost Generation during the 1920s. Many factors led to this, most of which were related to World War I. For one thing, most of the artists who converged in Paris had previously served overseas during the war. Paris was a main destination for soldiers on leave, leading many to fall in love with it. In Paris they saw greater culture and increased freedom, both personally and artistically. Thus, when the war was over, many sought to return to her.1
Malcolm Cowley sets the scene in his book, A Second Flowering:
“When they went back to the States, they found that the postwar world was worse for them than the world they had known before 1917. Prohibition, puritanism, philistinism, and salesmanship: the uses seem to be the triumphant causes in America. Whoever had won the war, young American writers came to regard themselves as a defeated nation. So they went to Paris, not as if they were being driven into exile, but as if they were seeking a spiritual home.”1
1. Cowley, Malcolm. A Second Flowering: Works and Days of the Lost Generation, 1973.